CONTROL OF FLIES
- Begins with fly exclusion
- Screens must be of 60 mesh material to keep out small flies
- Personal protection consists of repellents
- What is particulary effective may vary by geographic area.
- Found world wide and throughout the U.S.
- More common in northern areas, especially around areas of moving water (creeks, streams, rivers)
- Can make life miserable for humans, domestic animals and wildlife
- Also carry diseases
- Females require a blood meal in order to lay viable eggs.
- In sunny areas, feeding usually occurs during early morning and early evening hours
- In shady areas, biting more evenly distrubuted throughout the daytime
- Most begin to emerge as adults in May and die off by early July
CHARACTERISTICS OF FLIES
- Eggs laid in batches of 200-500
- Eggs hatch in about 30 days
- Those laid in late summer or autumn overwinter
- Adults about 1/32 to 1/4" and robost body
- Somewhat humpbacked.
- Color: dark, usually black or brown
- Antennae short, stout, segments beadlike, 9-11 segments
- WIngs broad at base, narrowing toward tip
- Compound eyes separated in female, usually touching in males
- Adults live less than 3 weeks. there may be 1-5 generations per year.