As items are carried through the home to be discarded, Bed Bugs can fall off of the item and be spread throughout the home to uninfested areas. Also, you are eliminating the harborages for these Bed Bugs and distrubing them. This may cause the Bed Bugs to move to find other places to live and spread the problem. In addition, discarded items are often picked up by other peole (maybe even your neighbor), spreading the problem to new areas. In some circumstances, when the item is in poor condition or is highly infested, discarding the item is the best option. Howver, this is best left to a professional so that the item can be discarded properly without spreading the problem.  Back to Now What?